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Cohere For AI - Guest Speaker: Calvin Luo, PhD at Brown University

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Date: Jun 03, 2024

Time: 5:00 PM - 6:00 PM

Location: Online

Diffusion models have shown incredible capabilities as generative models; indeed, they power the current state-of-the-art models on text-conditioned image generation such as Imagen and DALL-E 2. In this work we review, demystify, and unify the understanding of diffusion models across both variational and score-based perspectives. We first derive Variational Diffusion Models (VDM) as a special case of a Markovian Hierarchical Variational Autoencoder, where three key assumptions enable tractable computation and scalable optimization of the ELBO. We then prove that optimizing a VDM boils down to learning a neural network to predict one of three potential objectives: the original source input from any arbitrary noisification of it, the original source noise from any arbitrarily noisified input, or the score function of a noisified input at any arbitrary noise level. We then dive deeper into what it means to learn the score function, and connect the variational perspective of a diffusion model explicitly with the Score-based Generative Modeling perspective through Tweedie's Formula. Lastly, we cover how to learn a conditional distribution using diffusion models via guidance.Paper link: https://arxiv.org/abs/2208.11970

About the Speaker: Calvin Luo, is a PhD Student at Brown University, advised by the Chen Sun. Previously, he was an AI Resident at Google in Mountain View, where he worked on representation learning, model-based reinforcement learning, generalization, and adversarial robustness